During a pelvic exam, which lasts for a few minutes, your doctor will check your vulva, vagina, cervix, ovaries, uterus, rectum and pelvis for any abnormalities such as redness, irritation, discharge, cysts or something that indicates a sexually transmitted disease.
After visual inspection, the doctor will insert an instrument known as a speculum into the vagina to examine the vagina and cervix.
The doctor may also swipe the cervix, before removing the speculum, with something that looks like a small spatula. The spatula gathers cells for later examination. This procedure is known as a Pap smear and it helps your doctor to diagnose conditions such as cancer and sexually transmitted diseases.
Besides, to manually inspect your internal reproductive and sexual organs, your doctor will put on lubricated gloves and insert two fingers into your vagina. This manual exam helps to look for irregularities in the uterus or ovaries.
During this procedure, your doctor can possibly check for pregnancy, as well as any abnormalities of the fallopian tubes.