Renal (Kidney) Cancer – The cancer that affects kidney (renal) tissue.
It is of following types based on the origin of cells affected:
- Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) — Most common type of kidney cancer, developing within small tubules inside the kidneys and affects mainly adults.
- Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) — Affects the renal pelvis cells within the kidney or the transitional cells in the ureters. Comprise around 5-10% of renal cancers.
- Renal sarcoma — Affects the blood vessels in the kidneys and comprises of ~1% of all renal cancers.
- Wilms tumor — Occurs in children
Bladder cancer – Includes tumors involving the urinary bladder lining (i.e., the urothelium). The bladder is a hollow organ that stores urine and is located in the pelvic region in the abdomen. Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer.
Ureteric cancer – Affects the ureters i.e., the small tubules which drain urine from both the kidneys.
Prostate cancer – Prostate cancer, one of the most common cancers in men, when affects shows symptoms like difficulty and/or pain while urinating, sometimes blood in semen, pain in the lower abdomen area. Through clinical digital examination, screening and blood tests it can be detected and diagnosed. Treatment options for early stages are observation, surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation.
Testicular cancer – This tumor/cancer affects the testicles in males. It comprises of around 1% of all cancers in men.
Penile cancer – It affects the penis — the male reproductive organ, which is also a part of the urinary system.
Urethral cancer – Cancer affecting the urethra which is a tube carrying urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In men, the urethra is through penis which is a common tube for the passage of urine as well as semen. This cancer is not very common, and occurs more often in men than in women.