What are the stages of lymphoma?
It is possible to classify both Hodgkin’s and Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma stages into four. The lymphoma state is determined by location and extent of cancer spread in the body.
When and how does my doctor determine the stage of my lymphoma?
Doctors determine the following while staging lymphoma:
- Number of areas with cancerous lymph nodes
- Localization or generalization of cancerous lymph nodes; Localized means they are only found in 1 body area
- If the cancerous lymph nodes are on 1 or both sides of the diaphragm
- It the cancer has spread to bone marrow, spleen, or extralymphatic organs such as the liver, lungs, or bone
What is stage I lymphoma?
Cancer is found in one lymph node, or in one organ cite, or has invaded one extralymphatic organ or site but not any regions of the lymph node.
What is stage II lymphoma?
Cancer is found in two lymph nodes near one another and on the same side of the body, or the cancer is located in one organ and lymph nodes nearby.
What is stage III lymphoma?
In stage 3 lymphoma, cancer is present in the multiple lymph nodes or lymph nodes on both sides of the body.
What is stage IV lymphoma?
In lymphoma stage 4,Cancer can be found in an organ and can spread beyond surrounding lymph nodes. It will start spreading as NHL progresses. In advanced NHL, the most common locations include the liver, bone marrow and lungs.