One of the main objectives of a bone marrow transplant is to treat cancer. In this respect, an allogenic transplant is considered to be far more effective than an autologous stem cell transplant, as donated cells kill cancer cells quicker, preserving the bone marrow and allowing stem cells to form healthy blood cells.
This is known as ‘graft-versus-cancer’ or the ‘graft-versus-leukemia’ effect. The donated cells here are the ‘graft’.
‘Engraftment’ is the process by which these stem cells enter the body into the bone marrow and begin to produce healthy blood cells. It is a long process and it takes a few weeks for the blood cells to return to the normal levels.
At American Oncology Institute, the best BMT hospital in India, we have a specialized team who comes with years of experience in this field.