What is ovarian cancer?
When abnormal cells in the ovary begin to multiply and eventually form a tumor, it is referred as ovarian cancer or the cancer of the ovary.
Ovaries are two almond-shaped egg-producing female reproductive organs, one on each side of the uterus. It includes the fallopian tubes, uterus (womb), cervix, vulva and vagina.
Ovarian cancer can develop in one or both ovaries and if left untreated, the tumor can spread to the surrounding tissues and other parts of the body, called metastatic ovarian cancer.
Cancer of the ovary is one of the most common cancers found in women. Also, it is the most common cause of gynecologic cancer deaths globally.
What causes ovarian cancer?
Exact causes of ovarian cancer are still not clear, though there are certain factors that can increase the risk of the disease.
In general, cancer begins when a cell develops mutations in its DNA which in return prompt cells to grow and multiply quickly, creating a tumor of abnormal cells.