Am I at risk for getting bladder cancer?
Generally people who have family history of bladder cancer are at a higher risk of getting it themselves. This is because they are either exposed to the same cancer-causing chemicals or they share same set of genes.
Besides, smoking is the most important risk factor for bladder cancer. Also, the risk of developing bladder cancer increases with age and it is much more common in men than women.
Besides, other problems such as urinary infections, kidney and bladder stones, bladder catheters left in place for a long time, etc., have also been linked to development of bladder cancer.
How dangerous is bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer can be benign or malignant. Malignant bladder cancer may be life threatening, as it spreads quickly. Without the treatment (that may also include bladder cancer surgery), it can damage tissues and organs and spread to other parts of the body.
Also, sometimes, despite bladder cancer treatment, these cancers have a higher risk of coming back, and may return as a more serious cancer, growing into deeper layers of the bladder.
What is the prognosis for bladder cancer?
Some of the most important factors that affect the prognosis of bladder cancer are the stage and grade of the tumor. The lower the stage and grade, the better the outlook and chances of survival.
Besides, other factors such as the number, size, pattern of recurrence (if any), response to initial treatment, and certain genetic mutations also play a crucial role.