What is renal cancer?
Renal or kidney cancer refers to any cancer that involves or starts in the kidney. It happens when healthy cells in one or both kidneys become cancerous and grows out of control and form a lump (called a tumor).
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs in your body, one on each side of your spine. These help to get rid of waste while also regulating fluid balance.
Among several types of kidney cancers, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common type found in adults. It usually begins in the lining of tiny tubes in the kidneys called tubules which help to filter the blood, aid in excreting waste, and help make urine.
Though renal cell cancer often stays within the kidney, in few rare cases it may also spread to other parts of the body, mostly to the bones, lungs or brain.
Most kidney cancers are diagnosed before they spread (metastasize) to other organs. Such cancers which are caught early are easier to treat successfully. But in some cases, these tumors can grow to be quite large before they are even detected.
What causes renal cancer?
Although the exact kidney cancer causes have not been established yet, certain factors are known to increase the risk of the disease.
Old age, obesity, smoking, having a family history of kidney cancer, and high blood pressure are believed to increase the risk of developing kidney cancer. Besides, people with kidney disease may also have a higher risk for kidney cancer.
Also, men are about twice as likely as women to get kidney cancer.
However, these risk factors do not necessarily mean you have renal cancer.
At American Oncology Institute, the best hospital for kidney cancer in India we follow a multidisciplinary team approach to match the global standards. We have a team of uro-ocnologist, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists,s and onco-pathologist and radiologists who will monitor, manage and plan the treatment using cutting-edge technology and innovative techniques.
Areas of Care
At AOI, the best hospital for treating kidney cancer in India, we offer treatment for various types of kidney cancers including:
- Renal cell carcinoma
- Clear cell renal cell carcinoma
- Papillary renal cell carcinoma
- Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma
Rare types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC)
- Collecting duct RCC
- Multilocular cystic RCC
- Medullary carcinoma
- Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma
- Neuroblastoma-associated RCC
Unclassified renal cell carcinoma
Other variants of kidney cancers include:
- Transitional cell carcinoma
- Wilms tumor (nephroblastoma)
- Renal sarcoma
- Types of kidney tumors that are non-cancerous include:
- Renal adenoma
Our team of kidney cancer specialists excel at providing accurate diagnosis and treatment through comprehensive surgical and medical therapies in India.